Frontrunners- Katrina's Perspective!

This blog is for my weekly perspective on what we're learning as well as what we do here at Castberggåard! I hope you enjoy reading my personal blog!

Saturday, December 24, 2005

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!


Merry Christmas and a very Happy New Year to you all.

In Danish: Glædelig Jul og Godt Nytår!!!! (I knew the Glædelig Jul but thank you Kasper for helping me with the rest!!!)

I'll be back with New Year regards to the work I want to do with the Deaf Community....!!! But for now, I shall..drink up!

K xox

Friday, December 16, 2005

Back home...


I'm back home. My scheduled arrival was Monday the 19th but I got in Wednesday the 14th as a surprise for my family and friends.

My last week at Castberggard was unbelievably busy...Gordon and I slept little, worked lots.

This is just a quick post to say I'm home, when I can..I shall write a longer post reflecting on Frontrunners..This blog isn't dying until I say so!!!! And I don't want to say so...yet!

Wednesday, December 07, 2005

Hello from EDB-rum!

I'm in the computer room next to the filming room, waiting for Sarah to come in and announce that she is indeed ready to be filmed. This week is Open Project Week, Gordon and I are busily getting the Frontrunners dvd ready. A variety of things including our country signs for specific things, a tour of Castberggård, a summary of FR, interviews, the movies we made and so on. I guess only a select few of you will actually get to see it though!

The last time I wrote in this was a week ago, not bad at all! This is probably one of my last entries before I head home so I guess I have to make it memorable! A hard task...

I shall start with our 'long' weekend in Copenhagen. For a lot of this, I will use what I wrote in an email to my family and friends so my apologies to you if you're reading this again!

OnThursday afternoon, we went to Copenhagen for the weekend. On checking in the hostel, I pretty much embarrassed myself within the first five minutes. The woman told us to go straight and down the stairs. Iwalked straight but I just simply could not find any stairs?! I found myself in a dorm room, with a big group of boys looking at me strangely. I'd walked into a dorm looking for the stairs, lugging my big backpack as well as Ronan's backpack. That was..embarrassing! It doesn't sound as bad when it's written in English but....heh... The hostel was different to all the other places I've slept in. I remember checking in and waiting for the woman to give me a key of some sort and she was looking at me like 'yes?'..I was all 'ah, key?'. She said 'You don't need a key'. When she said that, I was like 'ooookaaaay'.The hostel was actually similar to a big house, bedrooms with bunkbeds, a communal living area and three showers and two toilets for all 85 beds! was a youth hostel. You had to be between 16 and 35 to sleep there! Jerome, Ammy, Ronan and I were in Room A and the others were in Room E. Not really important information for you but still...wanted to say so!!!

Jerome, Ammy and I went for a walk around the city, Stroget to be specific. Stroget is the world's longest shopping strip!!! Very cool,just wandered around looking in souvenir shops. I bought a couple of things....Sat in this really cool/nice cafe for an hour or so. We all were really tired so we just sat and talked. We also made a list ofwhat we needed to do for the next day...Went to sleep pretty early, around 10 or 11....I woke myself up onFriday morning, SCORE!!!!! (For those that know what I'm like in the mornings, you'll know that it's a huge achievement!!!!) Ammy and I showered and left the others sleeping, went to Stroget once again to SHOP cause the night before, the shops were closed, only souvenir shops were open... We had breakfast in this delicious cafe.. Cafe Norden. Sarah and I had eaten there before but I wanted to share it with Ammy. Expensive but delicious. All in all..worth it, definetely.We started to shop, and my was really hard. I stressed out about the tiniest details. I wanted to buy everyone in my family something that they'd actually like. I also bought someof my friends small much as I wanted to buy them all something, it was just..ah, impossible! We shopped until 1:20pm and laid down with bags, we made our way to the place that we had to perform...

What/Why did we have to perform? Weeellll, I'm glad you asked that question. Denmark has this award thing from this foundation that they award every year, I think!!!! This year, it went to Liisa Kauppinen, awoman from Finland. Liisa Kauppinen has been involved in so much over the years. She's the official deaf representative for the United Nations, she's involved in the WFD and numerous other organisations and projects. She's someone of 'high standing'. We had to perform something to commemorate her...we chose to express ourselves through a poem of sorts. Each of us had a letter that spelt out HUMAN RIGHTS...but we were jumbled, had a powerpoint presentation that unjumbled itself at the end...

I was 'I'...Initative. I said something that went like "Liisa has been involved in numerous organisations and projects. Examples of organisations- the UN, WFD and the Nordic Council. Examples of projects- fighting for deaf peoples' rights, culture and sign language. Working to remove the barriers."

I was SOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO nervous, my left leg was shaking....and we had to step up to the stage, I thought I would die!But everyone did an awesome job!!! We went back to the hostel for awhile before going out to dinner at this Pakistan restaurant. It was a very pleasant dinner, the seven of us just eating and chatting.. (Seven being..Ronan, Sigrid, Christophe,Ammy, Sarah, Gordon and I)... We went back to the hostel and relaxed then Thomas arrived and suggested the deaf youth club which was a 10 minute walk. Ronan, Christophe and I went along with Thomas for a couple of hours. It was nice to mix with a different group of deaf people. I knew no-one there, the people I've mixed within the past were of different groups.

On Saturday, we faciliated two workshops. The morning session (Sarah, Gordon, Thomas, Christophe and I) was with both DNR and DNUR. We started off with an explaination of Frontrunners. Thomas and Christophe then explained briefly what Genocide was, I explained what Linguicide was and Sarah/Gordon explained what Ethnocide was. We spilt everyone up into three groups, a variety of countries per group and asked them to think up arguments of why whatever word they were assigned was best to describe what was happening in the Deaf community. We then had each group explain their side and then let them debate. No decision was reached but everyone ended up agreeing that the 'fight' could be fought from all sides, using solid arguments.

The afternoon workshop was with the DNUR group...about Nordic camps, I wasn't there for long because I was really really tired, I thought it best if I had a nap so I left.

Saturday night was an awesome night. I REALLY enjoyed myself. It was Dovania (Deaf Sports Club)'s Christmas party."Julefrokost!!!"... We ate, we drank, we laughed, we hugged, we danced and just had so much fun!!! With dinner, they gave us three shots of.......I've forgotten the name but it's apparently a Danish thing...around Christmas time, I think it's "akevitt"...I'm going to see if I can bring a bottle home! You know the lollies, Fisherman's Friend... They actually have a liquer...!!!! Shots of Fisherman's Friend...It was actually very nice...We played this dancing game...swapping partners by giving the girl a towel or the boy a broom...and whoever had the thing in their hand when the lights came on was OUT....I...WON THE GAME! There were other games too, quite fun. Got back to the hostel around 5:00am.

Sunday was just relaxing, Sarah, Sigrid and I left Copenhagen at noon, arrived back around 3 and...SLEPT!!!!

This week has been Project Week like I said, everyone's busy working on their part before the end of FR. We also had Asger on Monday, to finish off our SWOT stuff...We also discussed High and Low Power Distance, Asger gave so many examples!!!!

I must run...lots to do..My to-do list is a mile long..once again!!!

K xox

Wednesday, November 30, 2005

Argh once again!!!!!!

It has been eight days since I posted, not toooo shabby at all seeing that I DID say that I would try to post weekly!!! I realise eight days is not exactly a 'week' but it's close enough!!

I'm not actually clear on what we did last week, it was all a blur. I do remember that Christophe and Minna weren't here. I had to ask Gordon to refresh my memory. I haven't felt like myself for the last week. Just kind of not completely...I don't know but I actually started missing home a week or so ago...and I think that affected a lot of my thoughts and feelings. Only a few weeks until I go home. My family is counting the days, which is really sweet....

On Wednesday, we had a discussion about our language, Frontrunners Sign Language as we've come to call it and about languages in general. We watched a documentary showed on Danish television the other night. Ole had to interpret for us non-danish reading people. On a side note: My Danish is not improving much..I do have a wider 'reading vocab' but my writing vocab is out the window!!!

The documentary said that there are approximately 6000 languages in this world and in the next 100 years, one language will disappear every 14 days to end up with 3000 languages. They showed a lot of different languages from everywhere including Sign Language. They showed Australia! But not in the most positive light- the aboriginals of Australia, 90% of their languages were taken from them, they are only left with 10% of what they used to have. That was err, depressing. Since being here, I've heard so many depressing things about Australia. Some of it, I already knew but Australia being used as a bad example isn't exactly the loveliest thing!

Things such as:

* Cochlear implants
* The only 'deaf-related' stamp to come from Australia is a cochlear implant
* First country to let parents 'select' a hearing child rather than a deaf one through IVF
* Australian Aboriginals..

I have to say, at times I am ASHAMED to be an Australian. But I'm going off-track.
Back to the documentary, it was very touching to say the least. There was one man of this specific language...he was the only speaker left! Will that happen to sign language? Or will we work at increasing signers? I don't know, it kind of feels like that the Deaf community has just given up.....One of my goals, to... make them realise... giving up is not going to get them anywhere...

We(Ronan, Thomas, Sigrid, Ammy and I) also went to Horsens, a town about 20km from here so Ammy could get her hair done at the hairdressers. Ronan went off on his own to walk around. Sigrid, Thomas and I stuck together- I posted two boxes equalling 17.4kg home! WOW! I still have a lot of stuff left over so I might post a box home just before I go home. We had a nice walk around and ended up in a cafe chatting for a while until Ammy finished. By the time she finished, we'd missed dinner at Castberggård so we went to this pizza place where I had one of the best pizzas of my LIFE! OH MY GOD! Sigrid can verify this for me.. the other three had a...SALAD pizza, how weird!

We also played Hairdressers!!! I dyed Ronan's hair and helped cut Jerome's hair. Ronan and Jerome then added colour to the ends of my hair as shown...

On Thursday, Ammy and I started filming our tour of Castberggård. Our tour will include our house, our classroom, where we eat and so on. It will also include interviews with the staff here, I think it's going to be unreal! The tour is for us to take home to show our family and friends.

On Friday, we focused on our website..updating and polishing it a little. We didn't do much apart from that so no exciting news to report, I'm afraid.

The weekend was...HEAVEN. I basically stayed in the whole weekend, just relaxing. We didn't leave the grounds of Castberggård, just walked around and stayed in our rooms. Ammy did convince me to clean my room!!! SHOCK HORROR!!!

I can't remember what day SNOWED! But the evil snow melted overnight! ARGH! Here's a picture of Ammy, Jerome and I outside. I got paranoid about the cold, so that's why I'm the only one..with a very big jacket on!!!!!

On Monday, we had a group 'session', where we had to write a word for each other and explain why we chose that word as well as a lot of other questions about the other people in our group. It was good, finally two hours of plain honesty!!!!

Since then, we have been preparing for this weekend. We're faciliating a workshop on Saturday for the Nordic Deaf Council as well as the 'Youth' version of the NDC...We're also performing on Friday afternoon to commemorate Liisa Kauppinen who is getting an award...So it's been busy busy preparing...I found some free time to write this! Lucky you!!!!

I have to go now, Ammy and I are continuing to film our tour. We then have to edit it really soon so it will be ready by the year of 2015!! HAHAHAHA!!!!!

Hugs and kisses...

Katrina in COLD Denmark xoxo

Tuesday, November 22, 2005


I feel that I’m really behind with everything! Emailing family and friends, blogging and sorting out photos! I’ve been so overwhelmed the last week that I haven’t really acknowledged my blog and for that, I apologise profusely! I shall try to summarise the last week or so the best I can and the quickest I can, my to-do list is growing by the minute! Now, where did I leave off last time?!

Ah yes, Monday. Nothing really major happened but Joe Murray did arrive on Monday night, ready for two days with us. Tuesday and Wednesday- I have to say that he was by far one of the best presenters we’ve had here at Frontrunners. On the first day, he explained who he was, what he’s done and what he does now. He started his presentation with an explanation of Alexander Graham Bell and then went into Deaf-Deaf Marriages, mentioning eugenics (sterilisation). It was fascinating to learn about history in such an interesting way. Before Frontrunners, I had..NO idea about deaf history whatsoever, actually any history! I knew bits and pieces about Ancient Egypt but nothing that could help me in future. A lot of the ideas proposed in the 19th century are still used these days; Deaf children are still frowned upon. Prior to his arrival, we were assigned ‘homework’ for him. We had to divide up in groups and summarise an article assigned. (Different articles for different groups), luckily my group didn’t have to do it that day... The two groups presented their view. They didn’t know it before but one of them was written in response to the other so they had a lot to debate about.

The next day, I will copy and paste a bit of my draft report for Joe’s lecture. I’m still waiting for an email back to see if it’s okay to put on the website. He began his presentation with “What does it mean to be Deaf” and asked who determined the answer? Society or the individuals themselves? He went back into history and gave us a variety of definitions of ‘Deaf’ in the past 200 years... “Mute” wasn’t actually used until late 19th century and it was a ‘hearing’ idea!

A debate that has gone on for years is there really a Deaf world and a hearing world or are they just merged into one? Joe presented a good theory, that dividing them into worlds is just a natural way to try to understand the differences between Deaf and hearing people.

Deaf people constantly redefine themselves according to their current circumstances. They could be one definition in one place at one time but be a totally different person in a different place at a different time.

Very interesting…On Thursday and Friday morning, we had Tomato Lichy from the UK come talk to us about activism. It was certainly an interesting couple of days.

We left Castberggård around 12pm on Friday to travel to Copenhagen for our ‘Frontrunners Party’. We organised a workshop and a party for young people- not only Danish but from countries such as Belgium, France, Germany, Sweden, Finland and Norway. I even had ONE Australian stop by on his travels!!!! The workshop went really well, you can see pictures here

And the party pictures can be found here…(There were only FOUR non-europeans at that party, three from the Asia-Pacific..Ammy, Eddie from Australia and MEEEE!)

Sunday and Monday were very lazy days. Vivien was sick so she didn’t come in and Ole didn’t come either so we were advised to use our days constructively but I was so tired from Berlin, Prague, the busy week we had and the weekend, that I basically walked around like a Zombie!!!

Today, we had Paal Richard Peterson from Norway come to talk to us about S, M, L and XL deaf people. His presentation mainly focused on his thesis in 2001. I found it really hard to focus today for some reason but his presentation was mainly about politics. He also asked us about our goals and what form of politics would we use to achieve those goals. That really made me think…

According to him, there are four forms of politics..

Protest actions

I’ve been exposed to many different things here, politics, history, culture, identity…and everything else! I have to think..what’s coming next?! :-)

I’ll try to update as soon as I can,


Kisses and hugs

-Katrina xox

Monday, November 14, 2005



Just a quick hello to summarise Patrik and Mette last week! Maybe I'll fulfil the definition of 'brief' this time? :-P
Patrik Nordell from Sweden came to talk to us about Philosphy and 'Deafism' and Mette Sommer from Denmark came to talk to us about Deaf Studies at Bristol University.

I honestly don't know what I can say about these two presenters.

Patrik was a little absent-minded but I guess that's part of his philosphy gig. He was obviously very intelligent but I felt that I didn't connect with his presentation.

Mette's presentation was about Sociology and about her studies in Bristol. Some interesting bits. She also showed us a really interesting video made 20 years ago about oralism... made us think about making something similar about a different issue...

Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday were spent in Berlin and Prague. I've emailed my family and friends the summary of the trip. It's far too long to post here, over 2000 words!!! If you want to see it, you can email me on and I'll forward the email to you!!!

Kat xox

Saturday, November 05, 2005

Working on a saturday afternoon...!!!

I'm going to try to quickly summarise the past week...
Monday was spent working on our website(I did a blog entry too!!!)...

Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday... We spilt up into groups...Sarah and I were partnered up.

We had to design a week long programme for whoever on whatever. Sarah and I picked young people aged between 14 and 17 for a Leadership Programme. It included things such as Leadership, teamwork, culture and conflict resolution. We also made a project for the kids to do, taken from an AUSTRALIAN website! GO AUSTRALIA! We made a summary of it on Powerpoint and had some overheads to show some of the worksheets. I think we did pretty well in our presentation even though I did have typical-Kat moments at the start! (Muddling up signs, laughing and hiding my face!) I'm improving a lot though so I guess that's a positive thing!!!

Friday, we went to Odense to see the H.C.Andersen museum which was interesting. We discovered a lot about who he was and about his life. Minna, Sarah and Ammy left with Ole. That left seven of us, we all had lunch at Sunset then the boys left...that left Sigrid, Jerome and I to wander the city until 8pm. We shopped a little, had a drink in a pub, went in the park and talked....Was a very good day!

Ammy's just finished her uni studies for the year with an exam this morning!
I would like to say...

CONGRATULATIONS AMMY!!! Hope you can relax a bit more now!!!!

Kat xox

Thursday, November 03, 2005

Good-bye Jerry!

I don't know if any of you know yet but today, 12 became 11.
This entry is dedicated to Jerry Pua, USA!

Jerry, it was great meeting you and getting to know you. We've shared a lot of good memories in the 50 days you were with us(I think it's 50 days anyway!). The kitchen, halloween party and the movie...definete highlights! I hope you're happy whereever in the world you are!

I'm sure I'll see you around somewhere sometime!

Love always, Katrina xoxox

Monday, October 31, 2005


  • Phew! A busy week in Copenhagen!!!
    We visited a lot of deaf organisations.

    We left here 8am Monday morning and our train was delayed so didn’t arrive in Copenhagen until maybe noon. We went and grabbed some food then met Redtop for a Deaf History tour. He took us around Copenhagen and showed us some important places where deaf education developed. He also shared the history of Castberg; The man that Castberggård is named after. I think gård means farm.

    I’ve been trying to learn Danish the last couple of weeks; I’ve just ordered a book- “Teach yourself Danish in Three Months”. I don’t have three months left here but hopefully I can go home with some basic Danish. I understand some Danish sign language or Tegnsprog as they call it but I’m not too good at signing it BACK!

    Anyway, back to the week in Copenhagen. I loved Redtop’s tour and the way he signed/explained things. It was a fun morning. That night, we went to a meeting for Tegnsprog Nu! (Sign Language NOW!) Mette, a journalism student explained how to promote and how to gain support/attention. Thomas had to interpret a lot of it so it didn’t have as much impact as it could have but still kudos to Mette for getting up there and making a presentation!

    Tuesday we had Jane Lignel, an audiologist at Gentofte Hospital and Deaf Tv.

    Our appointment with Jane Lignel was certainly interesting. She explained cochlears and showed us what it looked like, both the external and internal parts. We also had a chance to ask questions, her answers were all similar... “It’s the parents’ responsibility, not ours. We do all we can but it’s their responsibility”. Some of the group got pretty angry at some of the things she said, I tried to remain indifferent and I was successful! I mean, it’s just another opinion. We see opinions everyday, why let one person affect us so much?

    Deaf TV was a lot of fun; we got briefed on the history of Deaf TV, got showed some examples of programmes and asked questions. We also got interviewed for the SWAP programme; it should air in a month’s time. Very exciting!!!

    DDL on Wednesday morning- I will copy and paste my report from it, it was MY section to write a report on… We got provided with lunch and a couple of drinks..(Non-alcoholic, of course) We also explained our appointment with Lignel to the DDL staff. It was a pleasant morning…

    On Wednesday morning, we went to DDL (Danish Deaf Association). DDL is a non-profit organisation that works for the 5,000 Danish deaf people who use Sign Language. DDL was founded in 1935 but the history goes way back to 1866. It started with a club for deaf-mutes and progressed through the years. In 1898 they took residence in Brohusgade 17, at Nørrebro in Copenhagen. The Deaf club is still houses there today.

    In 1922 the Deaf-mute Council was established. The work of the council was of great importance for deaf people. It dealt with matters such as inheritance, interpreting, police matters, subtitles, deafness awareness, debts and divorce. At the 4th Congress of the Deaf-Mutes in 1935, they decided to establish a ‘real’ association. DDL was founded on the 18th of May, 1935 as the Danish Deaf-mute Association and the deaf club remained as a social club. The organisation was reorganised in 1956, the deaf-mute part was closed down and it was renamed Danish Deaf Association.

    DDL’s objective is that deaf people enjoy the same rights, responsibilities, opportunities and quality of life as everyone. DDL is affiliated with many organisations such as Center for the Deaf, Center for Sign Language and Sign Supported Communication (KC), Castberggaard (Folk High School of the Deaf), Døvefilm Video, World Federation of the Deaf, European Union of the Deaf and Nordic Council of the Deaf.

    DDL is divided in a variety of groups. Their day to day work includes:

    * Political work promoting deaf people’s interests
    * Information about deafness
    * Fundraising and Public Relations
    * Sale of books and information about deafness and Sign Language
    * Publication of the membership magazine and newsletters
    * Servicing the members
    The current projects are:
    · Parents' Counselling for the Deaf
    · The Project Elder counsellor for the Deaf
    · The Sign Language Project
    · The Social Interpretation Project
    · The Uganda Project
    More information about the projects can be found on the website. (
    Okay, that was my report for the weekly report! You can say you read it here first!!!! Ha-ha! Wednesday afternoon, we went to the Knowledge Centre and a woman called Jette talked with us about what the Knowledge Centre did. Some people got the impression that they were promoting cochlear implants but the impression I got was that they promoted any new information they got and the latest information has been mainly cochlear implants. There is very little research done on deaf people or how ‘happy’ they can be.

    On Thursday, we went to KC (Communication Centre) They teach sign language and train interpreters; they also house the sign language project funded by DDL. We got shown the resources and around the building which was undergoing some construction. We also had another woman explain about the sign language project, she demonstrated some of it as well. Looked great! Will be interesting to see it when it’s finally finished…I think the deadline’s 2007.

    Friday, we went to the Center for Døve, they have a variety of functions. There is a deaf laundry, interpreting service, residential places for deaf people with additional disabilities and a ‘day-care’ centre for deaf people. Some of us bought towels and apparently it was the first time in history someone wanted to buy a towel. Go Frontrunners for changing history!

    We went to the Deaf church and the priest there explained the deaf church’s history and what they did now… I was surprised how much Danish Sign I understood; maybe it was because she didn’t sign too fast!!!

    I’d planned to stay in Copenhagen for the weekend but because I wasn’t feeling well all week, I decided to go back to Castberggård to recover fully. I feel GREAT now but am kind of disappointed I had to come back! During our time in Copenhagen, we went to many different restaurants and we shopped a lot!!!! Too much, I think.

    That’s all from me for now!

    Over and out!

Friday, October 21, 2005


Our first group photo!

We HAD to have one silly picture!

Sarah and I at a housewarming in Copenhagen


I feel bad that I haven't been updating as regularly as promised!
I will summarise the two weeks briefly. (I wonder what my idea of brief is!!!)

Week Six

* Vivien- Globalisation
* Hilde Haualand
* Vivien- Deaf Community/Deaf Culture/Deaf World
* Ole- Communication/Argument Skills/Conflict Management

I will go in brief detail on each lecture. Not letting you get off that easy!

* Vivien- Globalisation

We talked about disapora.

"Diaspora signified a collective trauma a banishment where one dreamed of home but lived in exile" (Robin Cohen;1997)

There are different kinds of diaspora:

* victim
* labour
* imperial
* trade
* "homeland"
* cultural

After much discussion, we found links between these different kinds and deaf people.
Other definitions were explored, way of living through force settlement or immigration and intercultural communication. We then focused on deaf people, is deaf culture national or trans-national?

We had many discussions on various topics, what culture is based on, differences between deaf people and hearing people and whether hearing people could be a full member of deaf culture? We tried to define deaf community and deaf culture and tried to make clear what was different between the two.

* Hilde Haualand

Hilde Haualand is an anthropologist from Norway that came to talk to us about anthropology and transnational communities (focusing on the deaflympics and other deaf-related events)

Anthropology is the study of human beings and social anthropology is the study of the social human being, how they interact with other people and their role & expectations.

The beginning, the process and the end of a deaf event: i.e- Deaflympics

Establishing a Deaf space:

* Travel- building a Deaf city
* Deaf 'takeover' of a place
* Hearing people get a grasp of gestures, pen and paper
* Deaf people expect increased service level

Liminal state:

* A temporary 'play world' (Holland et al 1998) of Deaf people is established
* The restricted time gives intensity to the experience
* Normal rules are in abeyance and is replaces with a close and egilitarian 'communitas'


* Farewell party
* Decreased frequency of observed signing people
* The visual community 'dissolves'
* The Deaf communitas is replaced with the invisible web of power of the hearing majority.

She also explained a bit about globalisation, challenges and opportunities and raised some questions.

* What about Deaf people from developing countries?
* Deaf community- only for an elite with time and resources to travel?

Hilde's presentation was fantastic and I enjoyed it a lot.

* Vivien- Deaf Community/Deaf Culture/Deaf World

We spent a lot of time discussing how to put a line through deaf community, deaf culture and deaf world & what the differences between the three and who could be a 'member' of whichever group. We have decided not to announce what we decided on until the end so you will have to be patient!

* Ole- Communication/Arguments/Conflict Management

We had Ole on both Thursday and Friday for the same topic

We were spilt up into groups and given four brainteasers that we had to solve as a group. Half the us were given various shapes and they had to make squares out of the various shapes, giving others their pieces without communicating. It was very funny to watch them trying to make the squares without communicating.

We talked about one way & two way communication and the advantages & disadvantages! Ole got Sarah and Ronan to debate the topic of whether we should bring in six more Frontrunners 'tomorrow'. It was purely theorictial. Ronan was the negative side and Sarah was the affirmative. When they left the room to prepare, Ole told us all to 'back' Ronan and 'diss' Sarah to see what their reactions would be. Their reactions were hilarious. Sarah got rather mad during the debate cause we were scoffing at her and not focusing. Ronan had a surge of confidence but was kind of suspicious why we didn't challenge him like we challenged Sarah! In the afternoon, we went golfing to refresh ourselves for the next day. It was a lot of fun.

Friday held a day of conflict escalation, conflict management and a movie! Ole explained the esclation process and showed us 'One flew over the cuckoo's next' - 1975 movie with Jack Nicholson and asked us to identify the stages that he'd already explained in the movie.

Week Seven
* Ole- Conflict Management/Empowerment/Constructing Deafness
* Peter Niemela- "The Highway to Deaf communities"
* Vivien- Project
*Ole- Conflict Management/Empowerment/Constructing Deafness
We began with Constructing Deafness. Ole gave us photocopies of the 2nd chapter the week before and we had to get into groups and study one part of the chapter and summarise then explain to the group using examples from Hilde and Vivien's presentations.
For Empowerment, we defined empowerment and talked about the two different kinds of empowerment.. self empowerment and someone 'giving' you empowerment..
* Peter Niemela- "The Highway to Deaf Communities"
Peter arrived late so we basically told jokes until he arrived. He mainly focused on Deaf History, starting with drawing a circle saying 'Deaf World' and asked us what was inside that circle. Politics, Sport and Culture. He explained a bit about Deaf sports and showed us stamps. I was embarrassed to see that Australia only had one stamp and it was of a cochlear implant!
* Vivien- Project
Vivien gave us 26 hours to make a short documentary or commerical. I was in Team One (Christophe, Sarah, Filip, Minna, Jerry and I). We made a movie, I won't share what about but you can find some pictures of it on the website within a week. We will not be sharing the movie just yet but a lot of fun was had! It had to be pro-deaf and minimum of three minutes.
That's all for now...I won't be able to update until after we get back from Copenhagen and thats not for another 10 days! We're going to Copenhagen for a week to visit various Deaf organisations....and!!!!!!!!!!!

Sunday, October 09, 2005

Okay, just going to catch up on everything I've done so far before Week...5 begins! This will be a fairly short post because nothing much has happened apart from Yerker's presentation and then the weekend!

I ended the previous post with saying that Yerker Andersson would be presenting 'tomorrow'. Well, tomorrow has come and gone.

I honestly have no idea what I can say about Yerker's presentation.

When I was growing up- I learnt about the WFD. I thought that WFD was an awesome organisation that was always fighting for deaf rights, an organisation that didn't rely on hearing people, an organisation that was founded on a strong desire for deaf...I don't know what I'm trying to s but what I'm trying to say is that I discovered that for many years, the WFD 'followed' the medical model, thinking that hearing people were the people to look up to, the ones to follow. The WFD board thought that they needed to be MORE LIKE hearing people rather than just wanting to be deaf. My image of the WFD was shattered but at least it's like what I imagined...NOW!

It was really good learning about the WFD from someone that was so involved in the organisation for so long.

This weekend was fairly relaxed, we had to 'fend' for ourselves, cooking and so on. We also watched movies and talked. Very relaxed. We have Vivien tomorrow and then Hilde Haualand from Norway. Hilde assigned us homework. We have to think about our life story using her questions as a guide.

· When and where were you born? What kind of place was it?
· What was your family like?
· Which school(s) did you attend? Where?
· Are there some important or outstanding events or memories in your life? What are these? Why are they important?
· What have you been doing the past few years?
· Where have you been the past few years? Why have you been there?
· Can you remember when/where you started to think about yourself as a Deaf person? How was it?

Enough for tonight

Ciao til next time

Kat xo

Wednesday, October 05, 2005


Helsinki now! I think that my last entry was rather superficial and rambly!!(If that’s even a word!!) I’m not sure why that is but I’m going to try to be a little less superficial in this entry but we’ll see how we go!!!!

Before the WFD conference, the only international event I’d been to was the Melbourne Deaflympics but that was kind of ‘home’ for me. I knew a lot of the people there and the ‘Australian way!’ so to speak! The WFD conference was a huge challenge for me, being in a place where the only people I knew were the Frontrunners and some Danish people I’d met THROUGH Frontrunners and they seemed to know a lot of the people there! I did know Colin Allen beforehand so one point to me! It was a bit scary but I survived!

We went to this education workshop the day before the conference began and I actually had to ask my group who the speakers were. (They turned out to be Marrku Jokinen and Liisa Kauppinen) I got many incredulous looks like ‘YOU DON’T KNOW WHO THEY ARE?!’ Needless to say, I know who they are now!!! We wore our T-shirts to the workshop and we were mistaken for interpreters!!

The conference, I shall only write my thoughts on it, the factual information will be on our website. (

The first day of the conference, we wore our T-shirts again, armed ourselves with our flyers and approached people! We smiled and handed out flyers! I don’t know about the others but I got mistaken for a worker at the conference and I was often asked for directions to the registration desk, luckily I’d already registered so I knew where it was!

We got permission to make a short presentation about FR and about our T-shirts and flyers! I think it went pretty well, people were surprised and Minna even said one Finnish woman was crying cause she understood the message we were trying to send out…

I shall go through the presentations one by one..

Markku Jokinen, President, WFD
Perspectives of the World Federation of the Deaf on Standard Rules, Disability Convention and Other Human Rights Instruments

His presentation was similar to the one he made at the education workshop but it was good to see that what we’d been learning at Frontrunners was correct. What he said backed up what we’d already learnt so it was nice to get some confirmation! I was a little surprised that he chose to sign in Finnish but I understood what he meant when he said he felt that he couldn’t express himself fully in International Sign. I feel the same, kind of limited but that’s something I have to work on: expressing myself better in International Sign.

Gerard Quinn, Professor, National University of Ireland
The Rights Revolution in the Field of Disability - a Global Challenge

His presentation was cancelled because one of his children was sick so Marrku’s presentation went on for a bit longer, questions were allowed to be asked etc etc

Theresia Degener , Professor, University of Applied Sciences, Germany
A Human Rights Convention for all PWD: Challenges and Potentials

This woman really interested me. I’d never seen a person without BOTH arms. I felt kind of bad for staring but I wasn’t staring in an awful way. I was just amazed at the way she shuffled her papers, drank her coffee and wrote with her feet! Her presentation was great and she raised an excellent question…

“Should there be a right to inclusive education or a right to choose inclusive education?”

She concluded her presentation with….

“If we cannot cope with diversity in the drafting process of this convention, how can we expect society at large to cope?”

Powerful words…

Mona Pare, Associate Social Affairs Officer, DESA
The United Nations and the new convention: protecting the rights of all persons with disabilities.

I’m sorry to say but this presentation didn’t do it for me. It was basically her standing at the podium, talking for 45 minutes. No PowerPoint presentation, no facial expression…nothing… I honestly can’t say I remember anything she even said apart from “Please feel free to approach me in the break”.

Ekki Tuomioja, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Finland
Human Rights and Globalisation

I don’t really have much to say about this presentation so I will leave it at that!

Saturday proved to be a much better day presentation-wise!!!

We had..

Sheika Hissa Al-Thani , Special Rapporteur on Disability, United Nations
Standard Rules, Human Rights Instruments and Convention of Disability Rights

Her presentation seemed good; I was getting interested in what she said until the end where she was unable to answer questions. She had to get someone else to answer them for her!!! So I wasn’t too impressed by that!

Wilma Newhoudt-Druchen, Member of the Parliament of South Africa
Global Rights of Deaf People and People with Disabilities and How We Implement Our Rights.

Her signing was very ASL so I didn’t need to watch the American interpreters I’d been watching throughout the conference. Don’t get me wrong, the International Sign interpreters were brilliant but I wanted technical words and a little more in-depth information. Anyway, Wilma basically focused on South African methods. She gave plenty of examples which was great.. She’s a member of parliament and she explained how she got into parliament. One person asked a question- “The work you do, is it for disabled people or for deaf people specifically”. She admitted that she got in parliament through a disability organisation and that most of the work she did was for disabled people but still made a point of raising deaf issues.

Thorsten Afflerbach, Administrative Officer, Directorate of Social and Economic Affairs, Council of Europe
Protection and Promotion of Sign Languages and the Rights of Their Users in Europe: Activities of the Council of Europe.

I think I might be rambling again! Thorsten Afflerbach’s presentation was interesting. The basic sum-up of his presentation was that Council of Europe is a political organisation with 46 member states and 800 million people. It aims to protect human rights, democracy and the rule of law. Sign Language has been put on the political agenda of the Council of Europe and a report taking stock of the current status of sign languages in various countries has been published. There are ongoing discussions about protecting sign language.

After his presentation, the first thing that came to mind was...‘Damn, Europe has it all!’

Helga Stevens, Member of Flemish Parliament, President, EUD
Deaf people: from invisible citizens to full citizenship through sign languages. How Deaf empowerment and regional networking can make the difference?

The last presentation of the conference- it was very informative. Helga explained about the EUD and their sign language projects in 1996 and 1997. One part of her presentation was ‘Deaf People have to Network’… and she talked about deaf advocacy and awareness raising. She concluded with “Deaf peoples’ identities will broaden drastically in a world where Deaf people are not looking for some identity but creating it. The future is also something that is created”.
While writing this, I’d forgotten that she said that but when I’m reminded of what she said, I’m reminded of how deaf people constantly point out the things in their life that they’re not happy with but do they do anything about it? NO! The people I really feel sorry for are the ones that DON’T realise that they have problems! I’ll probably bring this up again in the next two and half months!!!

There were two events after the conference each day. Friday had the tour and the reception. I went on the tour and let me just say, it wasn’t worth the 25 euro we paid for it. We got taken to the opera house, chimes of some sort and a disability access church amongst other things we had to look at out of the bus window!!! Not impressed!!! We went to the reception at the city hall where the mayor said a few words and we all mingled... It was fun. Saturday, there was a march and the gala dinner.. I didn’t go on the march but apparently it was a good afternoon. The gala dinner was kind of superficial, fake smiles and moving around but it wasn't all bad!!!!!! I did make some new contacts so I guess that’s a positive thing! We went to the pub afterwards and night became day!

On Sunday, we went to the FAD 100 year’s ceremony with the Finnish minister. Then we hurried to our hostel to grab our bags and got our plane back to Denmark! Sweet home sweet! Castberggård has really become like home the past five weeks! I was so glad to see my bed and my pictures on the wall!!

Overall, it has been a great couple of weeks. We’re all catching up on things we need to do, tomorrow we have Yerker Anderson coming to present for 2 days…

I think I have rambled long enough. Over 1500 words!!! I was talking to Ammy about it before, she responded with “They’ll just know that you have a lot to say!!”..Signing off now….

Don’t forget to check out our new forum….!!!!

Tuesday, October 04, 2005

Hello everyone!
I’m back from Belgium, Estonia and Finland! It’s been two weeks since I last updated. I have a lot of things I need to write about but I will ADMIT that my memory is a little vague as to what we did in Week Three. The last two weeks have been jam-packed!!!!

We only had four days of classes and it was mainly about genocide and our campaign at the WFD conference. We did a bit on understanding change.

Accept that change is hard to manage
Be clear about some of the principles of leadership in change
Accept that change is now a normal fact of organisational life
Accept that you cannot do it all yourself
Put yourself in your team’s shoes
Identify the stages
Identify changes from outside
Identify change from outside your area of responsibility
Identify change from the inside

We had an explanation of each. It would be too boring for you if I went in detail on each point but I think that the most important one for me would be number four. ‘Accept that you cannot do it all yourself’…I always want to do everything now and when I can’t find support, I think to myself that I can do it myself and it doesn’t always end well!!! So I believe that it’s important that I remember number four!!!!!

We went through the common stages of reaction to change. (Number 6- identify the stages)

Denial- denying that change is even needed!
Defence- it becomes reality!
Acceptance- making the best of it!
Adaptation- starts to settle down and everyone tries to make it work!
Comfort- it becomes normal!

The rest of the week was about genocide and how we were going to campaign at the WFD conference. There were a lot of good ideas, we narrowed it down to a few then voted! And decided that we would wear T-shirts (See the photo- the text is a bit hard to read in the photo but it says ‘The Genocide Game- The Universal Playing Game for Doctors’. We also decided that we would hand out flyers with a picture of a pile of ‘dead’ people with the WFD conference’s slogan.. ‘Our Rights, Our Future’ as well as ‘Deaf or Dead’.. While deciding what we would do for our campaign, Vivien told us about Laswell’s Communication Formula.

It goes something like this:

Whom ------- says what ------ in which channel ------ to whom

She advised that we work out what exactly we wanted to say and to whom, what message did we want them to receive?

We also read a lot of genocide material, spilt up into groups. We had to read one part and then summarise-picking out the most important parts to explain to the class. When I had to present my part, my stomach was doing somersaults!!! I felt like running to the bathroom and vomiting! I’m not good with presentations, even if it’s just to people that I feel close to. It’s the ‘professional’ image, if I was just mucking around- being silly then I’d be okay... That’s something I have to work on while here in Denmark!


Sarah, Filip, Stine (Filip’s girlfriend) and I set off on Thursday afternoon, driving through Germany and Holland. We got a little lost on the way, losing two hours! We finally arrived in Brugge at 3am! Brugge is so beautiful! Kathleen from Belgium gave Sarah and I a tour of Brugge’s highlights including French fries and waffles as well as tourist attractions!!!! We went up the Belfort tower, the view was definitely worth the 366 steps we had to climb! We then went to the Basicila of Holy Blood or something like that, it was definitely an eye-opener. They had a glass cylinder with ‘Jesus’s blood’. I’m actually not sure if I believed it or not but the amount of people that DID believe it was amazing… we were allowed to touch it and I saw maybe three or four people touch it then break down crying! We had a lovely canal boat ride to end the day!

The three of us went to Kathleen’s parents house in Kortrijk, about 45 minutes from Brugge for two nights. The first night was so relaxing, they cooked us dinner and we watched the sun go down from their balcony with a glass of wine! HEAVEN!

Saturday, Sarah and I went shopping for a while and then headed to the World Deaf Day which was…interesting! I did not understand most of what was being said but the atmosphere was great! Sarah and I were a bit famous too which was really strange. Several people came up to us and told us that they’d seen us on the website. Some even introduced themselves and when I tried to introduce myself, they would respond with ‘No, I know. You’re Katrina from Australia’. It was…very weird but an experience that I will not be forgetting anytime soon!!!

Sunday, we headed back to Denmark and slept there on Sunday night at Stine’s house in Copenhagen. We didn’t see a point in going back to Vejle because we’d just need to go back to Copenhagen in the morning to fly to Helsinki, Finland!

Fast forwarding now… (I think I’ve rambled enough, seeing that I’M yawning! Haha!!!)

Helsinki, we were only there for a night before we went to Tallinn, Estonia for a night. Minna and Jerry stayed behind so it was the ten of us. Estonia was very different to anything I’ve experienced- the people and the culture. I have to admit though; I wasn’t in the right mood when we were in Estonia so I didn’t enjoy it as much as I could have (during the day that is!) Sarah and I got our hair done (I dyed it black and added streaks). The people at the salon… ha-ha, the hairdresser was intoxicated when she cut my hair (Note: I’m not saying that’s Estonian culture!) But she was very demanding and forceful but not in an overly bad way but it was a little surprising! She also demanded that she be in the final photo as you can see! We had dinner at a Beer House and then bar-hopped on Tuesday night. I also saw some sights and did some shopping. I didn’t buy anything though.

I will write a bit more about Helsinki and the WFD conference at a later date. I thought I would publish what I have written so far!


P.S- Don't forget to comment!

Sunday, September 18, 2005

Week Two

Ah, finally back to blogging.
I just finished writing the report for Kasper Bergmann's World Bank and Developing Countries lecture. It's difficult trying to work on a Sunday! I'm sure everyone feels that way! Sunday is made for relaxing but the work has to be done! :-)

Week Two consisted of three guest lecturers. Kasper Bergmann for World Bank and Developing Countries, Alda Paderio for WFDYS (World Federation for the Deaf, Youth Section) and Asger Bergmann for SWOT and Organisation. I shall go through each one, one by one.

World Bank and Developing Countries

This lecture made me realise how much I didn't know about the world around me and all the issues. I felt like an ignorant compared to some of the people in the group who have experienced so much but like always, I had to remind myself that I'm still young- I can still experience things. I was amazed at the statistics. Imagine 600 million disabled people in the world and 70% are in developing countries without resources. The whole day made me realise how lucky I am to have a roof, food, water and an education. That's a lot more than I can say for a lot of people. I'd never entertained the thought of working in third world countries before, being a very fussy person. I like my little luxuries such as a comfortable bed and hot showers but my heart went out to all the stories I've heard in my time here. Why can't we all assist those in need? I was reminded of a quote.."Education is a right not a privelege". I realise it's difficult to get the funding to assist the people in developing countries but I really think more could be done for sure! I made contact with Karen Lloyd, the manager of AAD enquiring whether Australia had done anything for developing countries- she replied with:

"AAD hasn't had any offiicial programs to help overseas countries because even though overseas countries think we are rich, AAD really does not have a lot of money. We have helped out in small ways with other projects, eg Colin Allen, who has worked on Deaf community projects in Albania, Cambodia and now Kosovo, often asks us to help out by sending information and AAD resources such as our Constitution and procedures etc to help overseas Deaf organisations become established and organised. We have also met with staff of AusAid, which is the Australian Government organisation that gives aid abroad. It is very difficult to get government money and you have to do a lot of fundraising yourself. AAD finds it hard to raise funds for our own needs, so it is even harder to raise funds to help people overseas. We did have an appeal to help Deaf people affected in the Asian Tsunami earlier this year, but it did not do well. "

I contacted Colin Allen with a request for more information. He replied with a suggestion that we meet during the WFD human rights conference in Finland next week and he would introduce me to the representatives of Albania, Cambodia and Kosovo who will be at the conference too to give me a better idea of his work and he will answer any questions I may have! It's more than I expected and I'm very happy about that!


Alda shared with us the members of the board, their history and how they were linked to WFD. She kept using a quote: "Nothing about us without us". She told us that there were 70 million deaf people in the world and only 3% were taught sign language and 80% of that 70 million were in developing countries. Imagine that?!

I only knew about the WFD Youth Camp for 18-30 but there's actually two more. One Children's Camp that starts for the first time next year at Castberggard where we are right now for 10-12 yr old children and there's a Junior Youth Camp for 13-17- the last one was very very recent in Sweden. The objectives for the camps are to network and exchange cultures!

Alda also introduced a new way of lecturing..when the 'Questions??' slide came up, I was expecting her to ask if WE had any questions but it was actually the reverse. She had a list of questions that she wanted to ask us about and start discussions. It was a new way and I have to say that I liked it...There were questions such as "why are camps important?" and "do you know any good deaf leaders?". Throughout the questioning, I realised I didn't know much about Australia's deaf history. I was saddened to realise that I didn't look up to anyone in Australia. What does that mean? Do I have too high standards or do people just do nothing in Australia?

SWOT and Organisation

Asger Bergmann had a very old fashioned way of teaching us, the other two lecturers used powerpoint presentations but Asger used the blackboard. It kept us awake and alert because we had to write things down and really concentrate on what he had to say. His presentation was on a topic I'd already studied at school for business studies but what he had to say was really interesting. I loved the way he provided examples for all of his explainations especially those of the EUD conferences and the language barriers!

I learnt something new! The UK doesn't have a constitution! They run things based on tradition!
We got our first homework task! We have to picture Deaf people in the year 2020 and design a SWOT(Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) before he comes next! Ronan and I agreed that we wished that he didn't use the word 'homework'. Makes it sound so....scary!!!

Thursday, Sept 15th.

We had Ole on Thursday but in the morning, we spilt up in two groups for think tanks. One group discussed the 22 rules of equality and adjusted them to match deaf people and my group discussed third world countries. The more I learn about third world countries, the more I want to go and help! In the afternoon, we discussed what made a good leader and the differences between groups and teams.

We had Friday off- See 'personal note'.

On a personal note....The more I'm here, the more I love it. I'm loving the learning experiences and I'm loving the friendships I'm developing here with the wonderful group I'm here with! On Thursday evening, a group of us went to the art room and painted. It was really nice- just relaxing with paintbrush in hand! On Friday morning, Gordon, Ammy, Minna and Ronan left for Goteborg, Sweden and Filip for Copenhagen. The remaining (Thomas, Christophe, Jerry, Sigrid, Sarah and I) went to Kolding, a small town about an hour away to explore! They had a beautiful castle and the town was very fairytale-like. It was a great day, just wandering around and we did a bit of shopping. On Saturday, I got some time to write postcards and relax. It was a very lazy day. We then cooked our own dinner- it was unbelievably delicious. We settled down with an Icelandic dvd and a few drinks. Today, we got to sleep in and we've been working pretty much all day. We've got lots done which is always a good thing!!!

Ciao til next time! :)

Week One

It's the Sunday before Week 3 but I will do seperate posts for Week 1 and Week 2 today and do Week 3 next week sometime!

We have a motto: "Let us kick arse!" "(LUKA).

We had our first class on Saturday with Vivien after a morning of shopping at Vejle, a town about 25 minutes from Castberggaard! The topic was Culture and how did we define culture? We learnt about the history of culture and various definitions.

How do YOU define culture?

We then started talking about Deaf Culture and whether it was a minority group or a subculture as well as why it was important for deaf people to define ourselves as members of a deaf culture as well as who can 'take part' in Deaf Culture?!

The discussions went for a long time!!!!!!

Monday started a new week of classes but Week One was mainly media. There was so much photo-taking, filming and brainstorming things for the website such as content and design! We DID have one class on identity.

Your identity adapts to the environment you're in. You could be one identity in one place and another in another place. It's impossible to have the one and only identity because everyone views you differently!

Ole's lecture made me think about one question.."Is your identity totally based on what people expect + accept from you?" Society does have standards that everyone has to live by but everything around a person influences how one behaves and goes by their daily activities so is any part of our identity completely ours? Or is it all based on what you see?

We also talked about Deafness and the differences between medically deaf and social culturally deaf. And the never-ending question..Where's the line between Deaf and Not Deaf? Who decides whether you're deaf enough to be part of the deaf community?

The last thing we talked about in Ole's class was High and Low power distance. For this part of the blog- I will copy and paste from our hand-out...

Power distance is a cultural index derived by sociologist Geert Hofstede. It measures how much a culture has respect for authority.

The Arabic-speaking nations, Latin America, Russia, and nearly all of Asia (especially India and China) are high power distance. Most of Europe, Canada, Australia and Israel are low power distance. Japan and Mediterranean-Europe fall in the middle range.

In a high power distance culture:
· it's acceptable for a supervisor to display his authority
· superiors rarely give their subordinates important work
· if something goes wrong, the subordinates are usually blamed for not doing their proper job/role
· managers rarely interact or socialize with workers
· teachers are expected to teach patriotism
· economic politics (corporation-labor relations, corporation-consumer relations, etc.) are prone to totalitarianism, generally overriding governmental politics
· revolutions are, or were, common if the indocrination fails, but uncommon if it succeeds

In a low power distance culture:
· supervisors are expected to treat employees respectfully
· subordinates may do important work, thus having the opportunity to get promoted quickly
· if something goes wrong, the superior/authority figure is usually blamed by giving unrealistic expectations or being too strict
· managers socialize and interact with workers more often
· teachers are simply employees
· totalitarianism and revolutions are rare

We talked about the WFD Board and Ole sent Asger Bergmann an email. You can find a part of the email below...

we talked about the WFD Board:

In WFD Board there is a mix of deaf from different countries. Some of them from countries with high power distance. Some with low power distance.
Which power distance is dominating in WFD Board? Do culture conflicts exists in WFD Board?

Our conclusion:

It depends on who the President is. Correct?
(Now we have Markku. Before we had Liisa Kauppinen. Before her Yerker Andersson was the President. Those who support low power distance more than high power distance.)

If the WFD President is from Japan, Libya or Colombia, the structure of WFD will change a little from low to high power distance. Do you think that?

Would people from countries with high power distance be elected? Is that why we have and had all those Presidents (Markku, Liisa and Yerker)?

Interesting to think about...
Be back soon with my Week Two update!

Friday, September 16, 2005

The very first post!

Hello everyone!

This is my first post!

I've been at Castberggård for two weeks today.

It's gone past so fast but at the same time, so slow.

The amount of knowledge we're consuming is amazing.

This blog is for my weekly perspectives on the lectures, what we're learning. I hope you enjoy reading my personal blog. Don't forget to look at the other blogs too!

Katrina xoxo